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MLA Style: Writing & Citation

Works Quoted in Another Source

Although you should avoid using secondary sources, sometimes an author's work that you are using as a source will mention another person’s work by using a quotation or paraphrased idea from that source. For example, the Kirkey article you are reading includes a quotation by Smith that you would like to include in your essay.

The basic rule is that in both your works cited and in-text citation you will cite Kirkey, not Smith.

You will add the words “qtd. in” (short for: 'quoted in') to your in-text citation.  

Examples of in-text citations:

According to a study by Smith (qtd. in Kirkey) 42% of doctors would refuse to perform legal euthanasia.

Smith (qtd. in Kirkey) states that “even if euthanasia was legal, 42% of doctors would be against this method of assisted dying” (A.10).

Example of Reference list citation:

Kirkey, Susan. "Euthanasia." The Montreal Gazette, 9 Feb. 2013, p. A.10. Canadian Newsstand Major Dailies.

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