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Though the U.S. remained neutral as Hitler rose to power, comic books, especially by Jewish writers and artists, did not. Timely Comics hired Joe Simon, and Jack Kirby to create Captain America, a hero that pushed the U.S. to fight against Nazi Germany.
Transformation of a Hero
As the Watergate crisis unfolded, Steve Englehart created a new Captain America who fought the political establishment. Captain America confronts the villain and reveals him to be the president; dismayed and confused, he becomes the Nomad.
Superman, Batman, Captain America, Wonder Woman, Spider-Man and beyond are the foundation of the modern superhero. Since their creation, these all-American icons have endured through decades of war, triumph, and scandal.
Captain America, Masculinity, and Violence: The Evolution of a National Icon
Since 1940, Captain America has battled his enemies in the name of American values, and as those values have changed over time, so has Captain America's character.
The Virtues of Captain America: Modern-Day Lessons on Character from a World War II Superhero
Philosopher and long-time comics fan Mark D. White argues that the core principles, compassion, and judgment exhibited by the 1940's comic book character Captain America remain relevant to the modern world.
Retconning America: Captain America in the Wake of World War II and the McCarthy Hearings
Since 1940, Captain America has served as a bellwether for changing attitudes about the values and policies of the United States. At some points in time, the hero's activities have been the subject of national debate, and at other times he has been ignored to the point of cancellation.
Southern Super-Patriots and United States Nationalism: Race, Region, and Nation in Captain America
This essay brings together an investigation of Captain America's Role in constructing U.S. nationalism with a consideration of the role of the U.S. South as a region that both complicates and facilitates attempts to imagine the nation as a unified and coherent whole.
Iron Man Curtain versus Captain American Exceptionalism: World War II and Cold War Nostalgia in the Age of Terror
...the battle between these two characters becomes a conflict between ideologies, and Civil War becomes a debate between two different approaches to framing the War on Terror through America's recent past.
Kirby: King of Comics
Jack Kirby created or co-created some of comic books’ most popular super heroes, including Captain America, The X-Men, The Hulk, The Fantastic Four, The Mighty Thor, Darkseid, and The New Gods. More significantly, he created much of the visual language for fantasy and adventure comics.
Sovereignty and Superheroes
See Chapter 2: Defending Freedom